Commuters live in one location and work in another, and the duration of the commute is primarily affected by distance and road congestion. When jobs are located in greater proximity to where workers live, the distance and duration of commutes generally decreases. In Tampa Bay, the opposite trend is occurring, jobs are growing in one set of counties, and housing units and the population of employed persons are growing in a separate set of counties.
- Patterns of job growth and indicators of Labor force growth (housing units and employed residents) are geographically separated, indicating that longer, inter-county commutes will continue to increase.
- Commuters with hour-plus commutes generally enjoy a significant wage premium versus all commuters.